Biodynamic agriculture, introduced by Rudolf Steiner in a series of lectures in 1923, was the first ecological farming system to arise in response to the introduction of commercial fertilizers and specialized agriculture in the early 20th century. In common with other organic approaches, Biodynamics treats soil, plant growth, and livestock care as ecologically interrelated and values local production and distribution systems. Particular to Biodynamics are specified herbal and mineral additives for compost and field sprays that enliven, heal, and awaken the earth.
The root of the Biodynamic system is the relationship of the farmer to the local ecosystem, including the influence of the cosmos and subtle life forces on local habitats. Steiner’s focus on the qualitative importance of observing natural rhythms and patterns in nature rather than relying solely on quantified data is an important contribution to the field of sustainable agriculture.
Biodynamic agriculture has grown steadily since its beginnings and is now practiced in thousands of successful gardens, farms, vineyards, apiaries, and agricultural operations of all kinds and sizes in a wide variety of ecological and economic settings in over 50 countries on all continents.
As of 2002, Demeter Canada coordinates all biodynamic certification across Canada. Demeter offers two levels of certification, Demeter and “in-conversion” to Demeter, both of which are internationally recognized standards.
For further information about Biodynamics in Canada: